What will we eat? Jerusalem farmers, like the American Farmer, depended on the weather and prayer. Poor and rich ate plenty in the good years. People dried food for the fruitless years. Dried fish was a staple.
I used two sources to research dinner. Women in the Bible covers everything in first century Jerusalem. I use it often.
Nazareth’s Village, in Nazareth, recreates meals from the first century. If you want, and you happen to go to Nazareth, stop for dinner.
The site lists fire-baked flat bread, dips, olives and herbal tea as dinner with Martha. The creators of the site believe people didn’t drink wine often. Other research says they drank a watered-down wine--usually eight parts water to one part wine. Surely Jesus drank wine that day.
The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Here is a glutton and a drunkard, ...'
Jesus didn't overeat or drink too much, but he did eat and drink, or the judgmental couldn't accuse him. Since they walked miles a day, he ate a hearty meal to keep the body going. And he drank his 1-8 part wine. In his first miracle, he made wine. (Please add your opinion in a comment below if you read the verse differently.)
The guests dipped their bread in olives (see left).
They invited the most special guest--the God of heaven. Though Nazareth Village says they didn’t often eat meat, except for chicken, on this special occasion Martha served lamb or goat. Women of the Bible describes meat cut in small pieces and marinated in garlic, herbs and wine. Cows and goats provided plentiful milk and dairy products so they ate goat cheese flavored with garlic and herbs.
She served dinner in the late afternoon or evening. Mid-day snacks for Jesus consisted of dried fruit and bread. Did he eat a few fried locusts? Tastes like chicken? No. They tasted similar to salty anchovies. Cooks removed the head and tail and fried them in butter. I understand why John the Baptist preferred honey with his.
A good hostess, Martha sent her guests out the next morning with bread and olives in their packs. Onions or fruit such as this pomegranate completed the package.
I’m hungry. But I think I'll leave the locusts alone. See you later.
Photos from Women of the Bible.